Preparing and Attempting the Multiple Choice Test

Multiple choice examinations are quite popular throughout the US. The candidates attempting these tests are asked to select one of the multiple answers provided underneath the questions. These are then checked by computerized machines like OMRs and the result is then generated by the computers.

Learn more about the multiple choice test that you might have to take in the near future. Furthermore, tips on how to attempt these tests are also provided below.

What are Multiple Choice Questions?

Often examinations like SATs, GMATs, GREs and others contain either contain a section or are completely made up of multiple choice questions or MCQs. Although it might seem easy to attempt a multiple choice test, you have to be smarter while attempting this kind of exam as compared to other regular exams. This is because even if you guess mark an answer, you still have almost 25% chance of being correct. However, at the same time there are some tests in which students are penalized for incorrect answers.

Construction of a Multiple Choice Test

multiple choice test

In layman terms, one can say that it contains a list of questions with multiple probable answers to each of them provided below their respective questions. In more formal terms, the multiple choice test is made up of stem and set of options.

The stem is the actual question, phrase, incomplete or incorrect sentence that serves as the problem to which you have find a solution. The set of options is a list of 3 to 5 probable answers to that stem. Usually one answer is correct and all the other options provided are known as dis-tractors. For example,

Lions live in groups called,

a)   Pack

b)   Pride

c)   Flock

d)   None of the Above

e)  All of the above

‘Lions live in groups called’ is the stem; whereas answers from ‘a’ through ‘d’ are the set of options and ‘b’ is the correct answer while all others are dis-tractors.

How to Study for a Multiple Choice Exam

Studying for this kind of test or exam definitely requires a different approach in order to be successful. This is because the candidate has to identify correct answer from the other dis-tractors instead of coming up with the right answer entirely by himself. Below are some other reasons why students think that a multiple choice test is an easy test to attempt.

  • Students don’t have to write entire explanations or theories. The questions tend to revolve around easy comparisons or definitions.
  • The correct answer is definitely one of the choices given; therefore the student always has a chance to win at a lucky guess.
  • Since the questions are small, they carry small point. Therefore, if they are wrong small deductions from the total score will be made.

On the reverse side, the multiple choice questions do have a tricky aspect to them. They can be difficult and following are the reasons why you have to prepare well for them.

  • Because the multiple choice exams cover a wide and more detailed form of questions, the students are required to be more familiar with a wider assortment of studying material than they would have to be for the essay kind of exams.
  • With guessing where the students have a chance to right with one answer, the percentage of going wrong is always greater. In tests where the examiners deduct points for every wrong answer, making a guess can have serious repercussions.

Preparing for Multiple Choice Exams

Because the multiple choice exams can be tactful, you have to approach it in a similar manner.

  • Start Preparing as Early as Possible

Because you have to cover a broader range of study material, you need all the time that you have before the test to prepare well.

  • Join a Club or Preparatory Study Group

Get preparatory resource material and practice as much as you can. Instructors who take preparatory classes for such tests give valuable advices. Make sure you hang on to them.

  • Time Your Practice

Once you are prepared take a mock exam at home and time yourself. the examiners don’t allow extra time.

How to Attempt Multiple Choice Tests

Here are some clever ways of attempting a multiple choice test.

1- Scrutinize the Examples

Almost every multiple choice test offers sample questions with solved answers. Go through them to be sure that you know what they mean. If you feel any difficulty or problem, just ask the administrator to help you.

2- Read the Question Carefully

“It is obvious”, you say…
But most of the candidates make wrong choices just not understanding the questions correctly. It is not unfortunate but carelessness. When time presses, you should never sacrifice your correctness for speed.

3- Encircle Important Words/Keywords

While going through a question, always encircle important keywords to help you to select the best possible option. For example a question includes a negative or exception, encircle that. In most of such cases you shall find true/false options to select. For example:

‘Which of the following is not associated with the measurement of your intelligence?’

Encircling ‘not’ in this question shall help you to remember that there is a negative in the question. It shall also make easier to find a false statement from the offered choices.

‘All of the following are related to the measurement of your intelligence except…’

Encircling except shall help you to remember that you are looking for an answer that does not make the question true. It is an exception to the major part of the question.

4- Read Every Choice of a Question Carefully

It is another multiple choice taking tip …

But again many people miss the correct option because they check as soon as they reach to an ‘obvious answer’. They don’t read the remaining options. You should never forget that most of the items contain options as following:

• One unlikely option

• Two poor answers

• One possible answer

• One correct answer

There are chances that you may check poor or possible answer just to take the test quickly.

5- Use Process of Elimination

Once you start reading the answers, start eliminating unlikely, poor and possible answers in an orderly fashion. Most probably, the remaining answer would be a correct answer.

6- Don’t Read Between the Items Too much

You need to read between the items but not too much. Excessive reading may distract your attention from the right path. You should take the questions at their face value. Don’t over analyzed otherwise you are at a risk to misinterpret the meanings of a question and its choices.

7- Don’t Look for Trick Questions

It is commonly known that each multiple choice test contains some trick questions. With a little effort you can recognize those questions. But you must not waste a lot of time just for finding such questions. It is better to understand a question, eliminated unwanted options and make the correct choice.

8- Look for Absolutes

While answering multiple choice questions, watch for absolutes such as all, never, none, and always. They leave no room for exceptions. In most of the cases, the answer choice containing an absolute is not correct.

9- Watch for Your Speed

Your ultimate IQ score shall be determined by the number of questions that you will answer correctly. Obviously, you need to act correctly and quickly. Manage your time limit very wisely. In most of the cases, you will have to answer a question within sixty seconds or less time.

When you encounter a question that is really difficult, put a mark next to it and move on. On completion of your test, you can come back if time allows. Spending of a lot of time on any single question shall evaporate your time limit quickly.

10- Don’t Change Your Answers

You can reach to the correct choice after passing through the elimination process. After a couple of minutes or on re-reading your answers you may feel an urge to change your answer. In most of the situation such feeling is result of your being nervous. Don’t go for your second guess.

If you have time and serious doubt about your answer, just re-start process of elimination. Once you become sure that your first selection was wrong, you may go for the new result.

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