Non verbal reasoning tests measure your ability to recognize patterns, analogies and classifications in diagrams. They offer multiple choice questionnaires. You are not required specific language skills to solve the problems. Even your acquired knowledge in some particular field is not tested.
The non verbal tests have been showing a high level of reliability and a good predictive validity. They are considered culturally free IQ tests. They are not only used in job screening process but also to recruit students for different academic trainings.
This section of these tests deals with the problems based upon continuation of figures. The series of figures offered will show some kind of pattern depicting some continuous change or movement step by step. You will have either to detect some figure out of the pattern or select a figure from the other set of figures to continue the pattern to the next step.
Generally, the pattern items consist of two series. One series of figures is numbered as A, B, C, D and E and is called the problem set. The following series contain five other figures numbered as 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 and forms the answering set. You are required to identify a hidden pattern in the problem side and choose a figure from the answer side to continue the pattern.
The analogy questions in non verbal reasoning tests ask you to find a relationship between a pair of related figures and then recognize a similar or parallel relationship between a different set of figures. Keep in mind that analogy implies corresponding. You may encounter various types of analogy problems in the non verbal reasoning tests but two of them are the most important:
Choosing One Element of a Similarly Related Pair
This type of questions in non verbal reasoning tests are consist of four figures marked as A, B, C and D. The figures A and B form a pair and C and D another pair with a question mark in the D. This set is called problem side. You shall find five more figures forming a set marked with 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5. It forms the answering side.
When you attempt such analogy items, you shall find the figures A and B related to each other with some particular relationship. The figure C shall be a different figure and you would be required to find a figure for question mark in figure D from the answering set while establishing a relationship similar to the relationship between A and B.
A simple look at the answering side shall find the right solution if you have correctly established analogous relationship between A and B.
Choosing a Set of Similarly Related Figures
In this type of question you are offered a pair of two figures. You shall find a definite relationship between the two figures in the pair and it is called the problem set. Then you are offered 5 pairs of figures and each set is numbered as 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5. This set is called the answer side.
While attempting this type of questions, you are required to find one pair out of five in the answering side that has similar relation to each other as the pair in the question side indicates.
Classification means dividing concepts in different sets. A particular example of classification is your library where you classify books on literature, religion, psychology, math etc in different sections. When the concept of classification enters in the arena of non verbal reasoning tests, it forms very interesting questions to measure alertness of your mind.
While attempting questions from classification, you have generally to deal with problems of Odd-Man-Out type. You are given a set of five figures wherein four figures are alike in some manner and only one figure is different from all others. You have to find relationships between different figures to find your answer.
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