Emotional intelligence and emotional intelligence tests are not something you may have often heard about, if ever. It is, however, an essential element of your profile.
Here I want you to learn what emotional intelligence is, and how it can have a significant effect on your future.
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First thing first; what is emotional intelligence?
There is a difference between emotions and being emotional. As a result, how you behave with work colleagues or fellow students will often depend on your level of emotional intelligence. One way to describe emotional intelligence is this. It is not the ability to feel emotion, but the ability to control, express and understand feelings that creates emotional intelligence.
Emotional intelligence is also known as EI. It is a psychological term that has only come to the fore in the last 25 years. It was back in the late 1980s and early 1990s that doctors Mayer and Salovey focused their research on emotional intelligence. Their definition of it was "the subset of social intelligence that involves the ability to monitor one's own and others' feelings and emotions, to discriminate among them and to use this information to guide one's thinking and actions" (1990).
The two doctors, Mayer and Salovey, managed to split emotional intelligence into four separate sub-sections. In so doing, they then allowed for the creation of emotional IQ tests. Gaining a greater understanding of emotional intelligence swiftly became relevant to the workplace, regarding both promotion, and new job seekers.
Doctor Mayer is quoted as saying "In regard to measuring emotional intelligence – I am a great believer that criterion-report (that is, ability testing) is the only adequate method to employ. Intelligence is an ability, and is directly measured only by having people answer questions and evaluating the correctness of those answers".
The four separate sub-sections of emotional intelligence are, perceived emotions, reasoning with emotions, understanding emotions, and managing emotions. These four divisions are incorporated in all emotional intelligence tests.
Emotional intelligence relates to the ability to understand emotions. To understand emotions, you have to be able to perceive them accurately. Emotions are often displayed physically rather than verbally. Body language and facial tics or expressions can reveal a great deal about someone’s emotional state. Perceiving emotions is the first of the four sub-sections.
The next sub-section is reasoning with emotions. It involves the way you apply emotion to understanding specific activities. This can either be your activities, and it can also relate to the actions of others. Reasoning with emotions also includes understanding how we respond on an emotional level to something which has caught our attention. Our emotions enable us to determine priorities for what we see and encounter.
Understanding emotions is a little more self-explanatory. Having a knee-jerk reaction to the emotional behavior of someone may be very wrong. If someone is angry with you, that anger may seem out of proportion. It could be that they are slightly annoyed with what you have done or haven’t done. However, they may have damaged their new car on a bollard on the way to work. They may have financial worries. It understands the cause of emotions that will allow you to react appropriately and efficiently.
Finally, there are managing emotions. It is the culmination of all that you learn from above. Perceiving, reasoning with, and understanding emotions cover one aspect. How you manage them is entirely different. Effective emotional management requires both a regulating of emotion and also an appropriate response to it.
In an article in the Financial Post on the 1st January 2014 by Ray Williams, author of Breaking Bad Habits, states that “A 2006 study by Accenture of 251 executives in six countries concluded that while intelligence is important for career success, it’s a matter of how you are smart. Interpersonal competence, self-awareness, and social awareness — all elements of emotional intelligence — are better predictors of who will succeed and who won’t.”
The world is becoming more and more aware of the need for emotional intelligence tests. There is now an excellent understanding of the importance of emotional intelligence. As a result, the demand for accurate and efficient emotional intelligence tests grows. Emotional intelligence tests are now very relevant to our future. The question is, can we improve our emotional intelligence?
The answer is yes. Much of our emotional intelligence stems from our childhood. However understanding emotion makes a massive difference. With a lot of hard work and expert guidance, it should be possible to improve your score on an emotional intelligence test.
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